ISSN 2305-6894

Triazole derivatives as chamber inhibitors of copper corrosion

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A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 31, Moscow, 119071 Russian Federation

Abstract: A set of physicochemical (ellipsometry, wetting angle measurement), electrochemical (electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, electrochemical polarization measurements) and corrosion methods (recurrent moisture condensation conditions, salt fog) was used to study the properties of adsorption films formed on copper by the chamber method from benzotriazole (BTA), 1,2,4-1H-triazole (TZ), tolyltriazole (TTA), 5-chloro-1,2,3-benzotriazole (Cl-BTA), 3-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole and 4-amino-1H-1,2,4-triazole vapors at 100°C. It was shown that upon one-hour treatment of copper with vapors of these compounds, nanosized hydrophobic adsorption films were formed on it, which hindered the thermal oxide growth but stabilized the passive state of the metal and improved its corrosion resistance. Of various triazole derivatives studied as chamber corrosion inhibitors, BTA and its derivatives can be distinguished. After one-hour chamber treatment of copper, the protective after-effect of their adsorption films grows symbatically with the saturated vapor pressure at the CT temperature, i.e., in the series BTA > TTA > Cl-BTA. This may indicate that at 100°C, there is not enough time for the formation of equilibrium adsorption films on the metal. There are reasons to believe that upon prolonged copper treatment with vapors of substituted benzotriazoles (24 hours or more), equilibrium adsorption films of inhibitors are formed thereon. In this case, the character of the effect of the properties of chamber inhibitors on their protective after-effect changes. Under these conditions, the best metal protection is provided by Cl-BTA, i.e., the least volatile and most hydrophobic of the substituted benzotriazoles studied.

Keywords: copper, vapor-phase film, chamber corrosion inhibitors, triazoles, adsorption films, protective after-effect

Int. J. Corros. Scale Inhib., , 7, no. 4, 657-672 PDF (718 K)
doi: 10.17675/2305-6894-2018-7-4-12

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