ISSN 2305-6894

Gleichenia linearis Burm. Leaf extract as corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in hydrochloric acid medium

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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Andalas, Padang, 25163, Indonesia

Abstract: Resam or Gleichenia linearis Burm. is one of a wild shrub that thrives in Indonesia forests. Using Gleichenia linearis Burm. leaf extract as corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in 1 M HCl investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy methods. The results prove that the chemical content of Gleichenia linearis Burm. leaf extract can inhibit the corrosion rate of mild steel and exhibit high inhibition efficiency. The use of 4 g/L Gleichenia linearis Burm. leaf extract in 1 M hydrochloric acid medium has inhibited the corrosion of mild steel with an inhibition efficiency reaching 84.54%. The adsorption of this extract on the surface of mild steel follows Freundlich adsorption isotherm. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements showed that Gleichenia linearis Burm. leaf extract was a type of mixed inhibitor with more anodic effectiveness. The results of the analysis of corrosion products, extracts, and mild steel surfaces show different infrared spectra between extracts and corrosion products. The mild steel surface is covered by the extract and shows a smoother, flat surface. Kinetic and thermodynamic parameters indicate that the extraction occurs spontaneously on mild steel surfaces. Corrosion inhibition of Gleichenia linearis Burm. leaf extract occurs due to the physical adsorption process on the steel surface.

Keywords: Gleichenia linearis Burm., weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, corrosion inhibitor, hydrochloric acid

Int. J. Corros. Scale Inhib., , 9, no. 4, 1498-1515 PDF (635 K)
doi: 10.17675/2305-6894-2020-9-4-20

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