ISSN 2305-6894

Adsorption of 2-mercaptobenzthiazol on copper and MNZh-5-1 alloy and their protection from corrosion in aqueous solutions

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A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky pr. 31, 119071 Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract: The adsorption, passivation and protective properties of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (3-AT) and 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (2-MBT) on copper and MNZh 5-1 alloy were studied. The adsorption characteristics of both compounds on reduced and oxidized surfaces of copper and its alloy were calculated. On oxide-free surfaces (Е=–0.60 V) of both metals, physical adsorption of 3-AT and 2-MBT occurs, whereas chemical adsorption occurs on oxidized surfaces (Е=0.0 V). The free energies of adsorption calculated by two independent methods, ellipsometry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, correlate well with each other. The orientation of the studied compounds on the metal surface was revealed by the ellipsometric method. 2-MBT on reduced and oxidized surfaces of the MNZh 5-1 alloy and copper is adsorbed in planar orientation, forming bonds with the surface through sulfur and nitrogen atoms. 3-AT on cathodically reduced surface of the alloy and copper is in planar orientation, whereas at the anodic potential, in a nearly vertical orientation. 2-MBT is adsorbed on oxidized copper better than 3-AT, apparently due to interaction with its oxide. It allows a protective coating to be formed on the surface that protects the metal well even at high chloride concentrations. Corrosion tests of copper and its alloy in 3.5% sodium chloride solution confirmed the high protective properties of 2-MBT. The created inhibitor mixture of 2-MBT with sodium laurate in equimolar ratio at a total concentration of 0.20 and 0.25 mmol/L allows one to achieve almost complete protection of copper and its alloy with Z=99.1–99.3%, respectively.

Keywords: corrosion inhibitor, degree of protection, ellipsometry, impedance, passivity, free adsorption energy, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole

Int. J. Corros. Scale Inhib., , 9, no. 1, 344-361 PDF (1 325 K)
doi: 10.17675/2305-6894-2020-9-1-23

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