ISSN 2305-6894

Evaluation of corrosion inhibition characteristics of an N-propionanilide derivative for mild steel in 1 M HCl: Gravimetrical and computational studies

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1 Al-Farahidi University, Baghdad, 10001, Iraq
2 Ministry of Education, Vocational Education Department, Diyala, Iraq
3 Energy and Renewable Energies Technology Center, University of Technology, Iraq, 10001, Iraq
4 Physical Education and Sport Sciences Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, 51001 Hillah, Babil, Iraq
5 Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
6 University of Al-Ameed, Karbala 56001, Iraq
7 Chemical and Water Desalination Engineering Program, Department of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering, Collage of Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah 26666, United Arab Emirates

Abstract: Due to its low cost, mild steel is frequently employed as a construction material in many industries. Unfortunately, due to the limited corrosion resistance of mild steel, it should be protected with barrier layers to keep it from corrosion in acidic or basic environments. An N-propionanilide derivative, namely 3-keto-3-((indolin-2-oneylidene)hydrazinyl)-N-propion¬anilide (KIHP), was studied as a corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in a hydrochloric acid solution at a temperature of 303 K using gravimetrical measurements and density functional theory (DFT) simulation. The findings demonstrate that KIHP performs well as a mild steel corrosion inhibitor in 1 M HCl, with a greater inhibition efficacy of 95.3 percent for gravimetrical analysis at 0.0005 M KIHP concentration. The gravimetrical measurements at various temperatures (303 K to 333 K) were also studied at 5 hours immersion time. It was found that he protection efficacy decreases as the temperature rises. Based on our findings, we believe that KIHP could efficiently inhibit the acidic damage on a mild surface through physical and chemical adsorption. We computed separately the Gibbs free energy parameter. Quantum chemical simulations at the B3LYP/6-31G* level of theory were also applied to compute some electronic properties of molecules in an effort to see if there was a relationship between the inhibitory action and the structure of KIHP molecule.

Keywords: mild steel, corrosion rate, weight loss, Langmuir, DFT

Int. J. Corros. Scale Inhib., , 11, no. 3, 1100-1114
doi: 10.17675/2305-6894-2022-11-3-12

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